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Robbery

Robbery is the combination of two separate crimes: Assault and Theft. Robbery includes three basic elements: (1) Using force or violence (2) to take something of value (3) from the person or immediate actual possession of another. D.C. Code § 22-2801. 


Force or Violence: 


 Force or violence can include actions taken “against resistance or by sudden or stealthy seizure or snatching, or by putting in fear.” D.C. Code § 22-2801. This element is written to cover a broad range of potential behaviors and does not require physical force. 


Taking Something of Value: 


 Under the statute, the items taken need not have actual monetary value, so long as the item was valuable to the person from whom it was taken.  


From the Person or Immediate Actual Possession of Another: 


 The taking may be either directly from the person of another, or from the person’s possession. Thus, taking an item that is near someone may satisfy this element, if the item is deemed to be in that person’s possession. 


Penalties:


In the district of Columbia, Robbery is a felony, with a penalty of 2 to 15 years’ imprisonment. A conviction for armed robbery could increase the maximum sentence to 30 years. Depending on the nature of the prior offense and the person’s criminal history, it could also include a mandatory minimum sentence of 5 or 10 years. D.C. Code §§ 22-2801, 22-4502. 


Robbery is a serious criminal charge with serious consequences. Having a capable and experienced attorney on your side is extremely important. Call Jon W. Norris today for a free consultation.